Y. Mustapha, I. L. Hamma, A. M. Hayatuddeen, M. Ogbonna


A field experiment was conducted during the 2016 cropping season at Kwadon area of Yamaltu-Deba L.G.A. of Gombe State, to assess the effect of fresh (Moringa oleifera) leaf extract (MLE) on the growth and yield of maize. Young moringa leaves were harvested and pounded, 20 g of the pounded leaves was mixed with 675ml of 80% ethanol and filtered, the extract was then diluted with distilled water at 1:32 ratio (v/v) and sprayed directly onto the plants. The frequencies of spray constitute the treatments as T1 (4-MLE sprays), T2 (3-MLE sprays), T3 (2-MLE sprays), T4 (1-MLE spray) and T5 (0- MLE spray), in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) and replicated four times. Data were collected on plant height; stem girth, number of leaves, cob length, cob girth, 1000 seed weight and yield. The data were subjected to Analysis of variance (ANOVA), while differences among the  treatments were separated by Least Significant Difference (LSD). Results of the growth parameters  indicated that 4 sprays produced the greatest height (172.50 cm), largest stem girth (2.60 cm), highest  2 number of leaves (14.00) and widest leaf area (82.40 cm ). Similarly, 4 sprays also produced yield parameters at (P<0.01) with highest cob length (20.5 cm), 1000 seed weight (415g) and yield (5253.23 kg/ha) while no spray gave the least. It can be concluded that the use of moringa leaf extract foliar spray improves the yield of maize. It was recommended that, farmers should adopt foliar application of moringa leaf extract four times for increases in yield of maize.


Aqueous ethanol; maize; growth; yield

Full Text:



Foidl, N., Makkar, H.P.S., Becker, k. (2001). The potential of Moringa oleifera for Agricultural and Scientific uses. In: Fuglie, I. J. (editor). The miracle tree. The multiples attributes of Moringa. CTA and CWS, Dakar, Senegal, p 168.

Fuglie, L. J. (2008). New Uses of Moringa Studied in Nicarragua ECHO's Technical WebSite, Networking global hunger solutions ECHO Nicarragua Genstat Discovery (2013). The Genstat Discovery Edition. VSN International. Website : www.flexerasoftware.com.

Makkar, H.P.S. and Becker, K. (1996). Nutritional Value and Antinutritional Components of Whole and Ethanol Extracted Moringa oleifera Leaves. Animal Feed Science Technology 63:211-220.

Muhamman, M. A. (2015). Influence of Aqueous Extracf of Moringa and Nitrogen Rates on Yield Components of Tomato. Life sciences International Research Journal Volume 2:1.

Muhammad, M. A., and Kwada, B. (2015). Comparative Efficacy of Aqueous Extract of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam) and Coconut (Cocos nucifera L) Milk on the performance of Pawpaw (Carica papaya L.) Seedlings. International Conference of Chemical Environmental and Biological Sciences (CEBS) Dubai (UAE).

Muhammad, M.A., Mohammed, S.G., Lado, A., Belel, M.D. (2010). Interrelationship and path Coefficient Analysis of some Growth and Yield Characteristics in Sesame (Sesame indicum L.). Journal of Agricultural Sciences. Canadian Center of Science and Education. 2:4 p 100105.

Muhammad, M.A., Auwalu, B.M., Manga, A.A., Jibrin, J.M. (2012). The Contribution of some Physiological attributes to Grain yield of Maize as affected by Aqueous Extract of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam) and the Nitrogen rates. Proceedings of 46 Annual Conference of Agricultural Society of Nigeria, Kano, p 619-623.

Muhammad, M.A., Auwalu, B.M., Manga, A.A., Jibrin, J.M. (2011). Response of Sesame (Sesame indicum L.).) to Foliar application of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam) extract in Kano Nigeria. Proceedings of the 45 Annual Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria, p 256-258.

Odusanya, R. (2018). How to maximize yield of maize cultivation. The Guardian. Retrieved from: https://guardian.ng/features/how-tomaximize-yield-in-maize-cultivation/

Omisore, J.K. and Y.A. Abayomi (2016). Responses of maize growth and grain yield to different sources and time of application of nitrogen fertilizer. Nigerian Journal of Soil Science, 26: 41 – 51.

Öpik, Helgi; Rolfe, Stephen A.; Willis, Arthur John; Street, Herbert Edward (2005). The Physiology of Flowering Plants (4th ed.).Cambridge University Press. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-521-66251-2.

Price, M.l. (1985). The Moringa Tree. ECHO 17391, Durance Rd, North ft Myers FL.33917 USA.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Organic Agriculture and Environment