AN OVERVIEW OF TRADITIONAL LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND ITS POTENTIALS AS ORGANIC MEAT SOURCE IN NIGERIA

O A Lawal-Adebowale

Abstract


An attempt to ensure the safety of animal food products for human consumption and healthiness of consumers underscores the advocacy of organic animal production and institutionalisation of organic agriculture regulations whereby the use of chemical-laden products in farming is completely prohibited. Conformity with such regulations made organic animal farming practitioners around the world to consciously raise and manage their livestock on organically cultivated or naturally grown forages, grains and crop residue for feeding of the animals, and the use of non-pharmaceutical products for pests and disease management of the animals. Although, organic animal farming is not consciously practised by the Nigerian local livestock farmers, their traditional livestock management practice, characterised by free range system, none use of feed additives and pharmaceutical drugs, and non-modification of the animal lives in terms of prolonged caging, routine chaining, tail docking and beak trimming; reflects the requirement of organic animal farming. In view of the subconscious practise of organic animals farming by the local farmers it was affirmed that the farmers had no official records of production as a means to verify the organic status of the animals and do not even market their animals or their products as organic foods. Due to the expanding markets for organic animal products – meat, milk and eggs, and its high profitability, the need to advance the traditional livestock management system by the Nigerian local farmers to meeting the internationally established regulations on organic animal practice is thus recommended. 


Keywords


Free range system; Nigerian local farmers; none use of feed additives and pharmaceutical drugs; organic animal regulations; small farm animals

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References


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