K E Law-Ogbomo, A U Osaigbovo, I H Kadiri


Maize crop is a key source of food and livelihood for millions of people in many countries of the world. However, its productivity is highly constrained in the humid ultisols environment owing to low soil fertility status among other factors. This experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria between the period of May and August, 2014 and repeated during the period in 2015 to evaluate the effect of different animal manures on the growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). The trial involved five treatments (control, rabbit manure, goat manure, poultry manure and cattle manure) laid out in randomized complete block design and replicated three times. All manures were applied at 300 kg N ha-1.Data were collected on plant height, stem girth, number of leaves, leaf area index and total dry matter at 50 % tasseling day. Data were also collected on yield and yield components of maize. Results showed The application of animal manures significantly (P<0.5) increase plant height, leaf area index, number of leaves, total dry matter, ear length and grain yield Over control. The highest ear yield (11.61 t ha-1) and grain yield (5.77 t ha-1) was observed in plots treated with rabbit manure compared to the lowest ear and grain yields (7.05 and 3.66 t ha-1 respectively) from control. However, rabbit manure treated plants were not significantly superior to other manures. It is suggested that poultry manure adopted by maize growers for high productivity of maize under intense and continuous cropping of humid ultisols location due to ease of availability, collection and high nutrient composition.


Dry weight, grain yield, leaf area index, nitrogen application rate, plant height.

Full Text:



Agbato, S.O. (2003), Principles and Practices of Crop Production. Odumatt Press Publishers, Oyo, pp 57 - 62.

Akanbi, W.B. and Togun, A.O (2002). The influence of maize Stover compost and nitrogen fertilizer on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of Amaranth. Scientia Horticulturae, 93: 1 -9

Ayoola, O.T. and Adeniyan, O.N. (2006). Influence of poultry on yield and yield components of crops under different cropping systems in South west Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 5: 1386-1392.

Asgharipour, M.R. (2012). Effects of vermicompost produced from municipal solid waste on the growth and yield of Bobgol (Plantago ovate Forsk) and Cuminum cyminum. Journal of Medicinal Plant Research. 6 (9): 1612–1618.

Belay, A., Classens A.S., Wehner, F.C. and DE Beer, J.M. (2001). Influence of residual manure on selected nutrient elements and microbial composition of soil under long-term crop rotation. South African Journal of Plant and Soil, 18: 1-6

Dutt, S. (2005). A handbook of Agriculture, ABD Publishers, India, pp. 116 - 118

El-Shakweer M.H.A., El-sayad E.A. and Ewees, M.S. (1998). Soil and plant analysis as a guide for interpretation of the improvement of efficiency of organic conditioners added to different soils in Egypt. Communication Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 29:2067- 2088.

Ibedu, M.A., Unambra, R.P.A. and Udealor, A. (1988). Soil management strategies in relation to farming system development in the south eastern agricultural zone of Nigeria. Paper presented at the National Farming system Research Workshop, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. pp. 26-29.

Iken , J.E., Anusa, A. and Obaloju, V.O. (2001) Nutrients composition and weight of some newly developed maize varieties in Nigeria, Journal of Food Technology, 7: 25-28.

International Food Biotechnology Council (1990). Biotechnologies and food: Assuring the safety of foods produced by genetic modification. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 12: S1-S196.

Kodama, H., Schnitzer, M., Murad, E. (1988). An investigation of iron (III)-fulvic acids complexes by Mo Sbauer spectroscopy and chemical methods. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 52: 994-998.

Linehan, D.J., (1985). Organic matter and trace elements,. In: Vaughan D, Malcolm RE (eds) soil organic matter and biological activity. Nijhoff Junk. The Hague, pp: 403 -421

Mylaravarapus, R.S. and Kennelley, D.E. (2002). UF/IFAS extension soil testing laboratory (ESTL): Analytical procedures and training manual. Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida, Gainsville, USA. 28 p.

Ojeniyi, S.O. (2000). Effect of goat manure on soil nutrient and okra yield in a rain forest area of Nigeria. Applied Tropical Agriculture, 5: 20-23.

Remison, S. U. (1997). Basic Principles of Crop Physiology. Sadoh Press (Nig.), Benin City.

Sa-nguansak, D.A (2004). Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on nitrogen assimilation and seed quality of Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) and Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Wild). Dissertation for the Degree of Doctor of Agricultural Science, University of Gottingen. 135 p.

Saeed, I.M., Abbasi, R. and Kazim, M. (2001). Response of maize (Zea mays) to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization under agro-climatic condition of Rawalokol, Azad Jammu and Kaslim and Kashmir, Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 4: 949-952.

Seifritz, W. (1982). Alternative and renewable sources of energy in optimizing yield: The role of fertilizers in proceedings of 12th IPI Congress. 1982: 153-163.

Sharma, A.R. and Mittra, B.N. (1991). Effect of different rates of application of organic and nitrogen fertilizers in a rice-based cropping system. Journal of Agricultural Science, 117: 313-318

Tara, A., Brien, O. and Allen, V.B. (1996). Growth of peppermint in compost. Journal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants, 4: 19-27

Tisdale, S.L. and Nelson, W.L. (1990). Soil fertility and effect of magnesium sources on the yield and chemical composition of crops. Michigan Agricultural Experimental Station Bulletin, 19: 29-31.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Organic Agriculture and Environment