INFLUENCE OF SOME ANIMAL MANURES ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF MAIZE (Zea mays L.) UNDER A HUMID ULTISOLS ENVIRONMENT

K E Law-Ogbomo, A U Osaigbovo, I H Kadiri

Abstract


Maize crop is a key source of food and livelihood for millions of people in many countries of the world. However, its productivity is highly constrained in the humid ultisols environment owing to low soil fertility status among other factors. This experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria between the period of May and August, 2014 and repeated during the period in 2015 to evaluate the effect of different animal manures on the growth and yield of maize (Zea mays L.). The trial involved five treatments (control, rabbit manure, goat manure, poultry manure and cattle manure) laid out in randomized complete block design and replicated three times. All manures were applied at 300 kg N ha-1.Data were collected on plant height, stem girth, number of leaves, leaf area index and total dry matter at 50 % tasseling day. Data were also collected on yield and yield components of maize. Results showed The application of animal manures significantly (P<0.5) increase plant height, leaf area index, number of leaves, total dry matter, ear length and grain yield Over control. The highest ear yield (11.61 t ha-1) and grain yield (5.77 t ha-1) was observed in plots treated with rabbit manure compared to the lowest ear and grain yields (7.05 and 3.66 t ha-1 respectively) from control. However, rabbit manure treated plants were not significantly superior to other manures. It is suggested that poultry manure adopted by maize growers for high productivity of maize under intense and continuous cropping of humid ultisols location due to ease of availability, collection and high nutrient composition.


Keywords


Dry weight, grain yield, leaf area index, nitrogen application rate, plant height.

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